PAT Testing: The Landlord’s Checklist for Electrical Safety Compliance – 2024 Guide

As a landlord, it is your responsibility to ensure that your rental property is safe and meets all the necessary electrical safety regulations. One of the key elements of maintaining electrical safety in a rental property is Portable Appliance Testing (PAT). In this blog post, we will explore the landlord’s checklist for electrical safety compliance through PAT Testing.

Introduction to PAT Testing for Landlords

PAT testing is an essential process for landlords to ensure that all electrical appliances in their rental properties are safe to use. It involves the inspection and testing of all portable appliances such as kettles, toasters, microwaves, Outlet Testing, and other electronic devices that are used by tenants.

This is an important aspect of electrical safety and can help prevent accidents and fires caused by faulty electrical equipment.

Legal Requirements for Electrical Safety Compliance


In the UK, there are strict legal requirements for electrical safety compliance in rental properties. The Electrical Safety Standards in the Private Rented Sector (England) Regulations 2020 state that landlords must ensure that all electrical installations in their properties are safe and maintained in a good condition. This includes the portable appliances provided to tenants.

PAT testing involves visually inspecting an appliance for damage, testing the earth’s continuity, and checking insulation resistance. Results are recorded in a logbook and appliances are labeled with pass/fail stickers. This testing ensures electrical safety in rental properties by identifying potential hazards and preventing accidents.

The logbook provides a clear record of testing and remedial work, enabling landlords to track maintenance and testing history.

Benefits of PAT Testing for Landlords

It provides landlords with a range of benefits, including:

  1. Compliance with legal requirements: PAT assessment ensures that landlords are complying with the legal requirements for electrical safety in rental properties.
  2. Safety for tenants: By ensuring that all appliances are safe to use, landlords can protect their tenants from accidents and injuries caused by faulty electrical equipment.
  3. Reduced risk of fire: Faulty electrical equipment is a common cause of fires in rental properties. PAT assessment can help identify potential hazards and reduce the risk of fire.
  4. Improved reputation: By ensuring that their rental properties are safe and compliant, landlords can improve their reputation and attract more tenants.

How often should it be done?

The frequency of PAT testing depends on the type of property and the appliances provided. As a general rule, appliances in high-use areas such as kitchens and communal areas should be tested more frequently than those in bedrooms or living rooms.

It is recommended that appliances are tested at least once a year, but in high-use areas, they may need to be tested more frequently.

Checklist for Landlords


Here is a checklist of things landlords should consider when carrying out PAT assessments:

  1. Identify all portable appliances in the rental property, including those provided by tenants.
  2. Conduct a visual inspection of each appliance to check for any signs of damage or wear and tear.
  3. Test the appliance for earth continuity using a portable appliance tester.
  4. Test the insulation resistance of the appliance using a portable appliance tester.
  5. Label each appliance with a pass or fail sticker and record the results in a logbook.
  6. Inform tenants of any failed appliances and arrange for remedial work to be carried out.

Hiring a PAT Company

Landlords can carry out PAT testing themselves, but it is recommended that they hire a professional PAT company to ensure that the assessment is carried out to the required standard. When hiring a company, landlords should consider:

  1. Qualifications and experience of the company.
  2. Price and value for money.
  3. Availability and flexibility.
  4. References and reviews from previous clients.

Keeping Records of PAT Testing

Landlords must keep records of all PAT testing carried out on their rental properties. These records should include the date of the testing, the results of the assessment, and any remedial work that was carried out. The records should be kept for a minimum of five years and made available to tenants and regulatory authorities upon request.

Remedying Failed PAT Tests


If an appliance fails a PAT test, it must be removed from use until it has been repaired or replaced. Landlords should inform their tenants of any failed appliances and arrange for remedial work to be carried out as soon as possible. It is important that any remedial work is carried out by a qualified electrician to ensure that the appliance is safe to use.

Other safety considerations

In addition to PAT testing, landlords should consider other safety considerations to ensure that their rental properties are safe for tenants. These considerations may include:

  1. Smoke and carbon monoxide detectors: Landlords should install smoke and carbon monoxide detectors in their rental properties to alert tenants in case of a fire or gas leak.
  2. Gas safety: Landlords are required to have gas appliances and pipe work checked and certified by a Gas Safe registered engineer every 12 months.
  3. Electrical installations: Landlords should ensure that all electrical installations in their rental properties are safe and maintained in a good condition.
  4. Fire safety: Landlords should ensure that their rental properties have fire doors, fire extinguishers, and fire blankets where necessary.

By taking a comprehensive approach to safety considerations, landlords can create a safe and secure living environment for their tenants. It is important for landlords to stay up to date with the latest safety regulations and standards to ensure that their properties are compliant and safe.

Conclusions and Final Thoughts on PAT Testing for Landlords


PAT testing is an essential part of electrical safety compliance for landlords. By carrying out regular PAT testing on all portable appliances, landlords can ensure that their rental properties are safe for their tenants and comply with the legal requirements for electrical safety in the UK.

Landlords should consider hiring a professional company to carry out the testing and keep detailed records of all assessment and remedial work. Ultimately, investing in PAT testing can improve the reputation of the landlord, reduce the risk of accidents and fires, and protect the well-being of tenants.

Having electrical appliances tested and checked regularly not only ensures safety for the property and its residents, it can also help lower electricity bills as defective appliances can consume more energy since it might be forced to work harder. Comparing different electricity plans can also help landlords find the cheapest energy rates available to save even more money on electricity bills for their property.